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Mars Global Surveyor Carries A Piece of Zagami Back to Mars
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- Date: Sat, 20 Sep 1997 23:41:27 GMT
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Arizona State University
Keith Jennings, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dennis Durband, email@example.com
Sept. 9, 1997
Professor sends martian meteorite back to home planet
NASA's Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft is taking a small piece of the
Zagami meteorite back to Mars after a visit of only 34 years on Earth.
The Zagami meteorite started off as a volcanic rock that cooled on the
Martian surface about a billion years ago. The rock was flung into space
after a comet or an asteroid slammed into Mars about 2.5 million years ago.
Following a long journey through the inner solar system, the meteorite fell
to Earth in Zagami, Nigeria, in 1962. The return trip began Nov. 7 of last
year with Surveyor's launch from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The Mars Global
Surveyor will begin orbiting Mars on September 11.
ASU geology Professor Philip Christensen used his own funds to buy a
small piece of the meteorite from a private collector to conduct tests for his
thermal emission spectrometer. TES, which will map the surface minerals
of Mars, is one of Mars Global Surveyor's seven instruments.
Christensen chipped a sand grain from the greenish-white meteorite and
attached it to a plaque on the instrument last summer. His motivation: to
commemorate the accomplishments of space scientists and engineers.
"This tiny fragment of Mars represents the culmination of science and
engineering capability never before seen on this planet," he said.
The grain was encapsulated in a resin bubble attached to the TES
signature plaque. The resin containing the sand grain was molded into a
specially designed niche on the plaque to ensure it could not break loose
during the flight to Mars.
For hundreds of years, geologists and atmospheric scientists have worked
to understand the composition of rocks and gases on Earth. The work has
enabled researchers to develop powerful theories explaining Earth's origin
and history. In the past 25 years, planetary scientists also have studied
similar data from spacecraft sent to Mars to learn how it differs from Earth
in composition and origin.
"As a result of these achievements, we now, for the first time in our history,
know enough about our planet and the solar system we live in to be
able to recognize rocks that did not originate on the Earth," Christensen
said. "We are now able to identify a class of meteorites that came from
Mars. The engineering capability of the human race has also reached a
spectacular level -- to the point where we can send multiple, complementary
spacecraft from our planet to explore Mars."
During its 2-year mission, Mars Global Surveyor will create a global
portrait of Mars, setting the stage for the success of all future landers.
Through the Zagami meteorite attached to TES, Christensen also sees it as
a reminder of the past.
"This sand grain is a symbol of the achievements of all the scientists and
engineers who have worked to develop the understanding, insight, and
technical capability to make this first ever interplanetary 'sample return
mission' a reality," Christensen said.