[meteorite-list] Shergotty a eucrite ... not: Then and Now

From: Gerald Flaherty <grf2_at_meteoritecentral.com>
Date: Fri, 01 Jun 2007 17:11:37 -0500
Message-ID: <CAFD80D1AF2B49E79E419BA608352CBD_at_JerryPC>

Bernd and List, # 5 is definitely a NEW item and well worth a bonus point.
Thanks for the update Bernd.
Jerry Flaherty
----- Original Message -----
From: <bernd.pauli at paulinet.de>
To: <Meteorite-list at meteoritecentral.com>
Sent: Friday, June 01, 2007 2:25 PM
Subject: [meteorite-list] Shergotty a eucrite ... not: Then and Now

> Hello List,
> We all know that the acronym SNC stands for the three "typical" samples of
> the group:
> Shergotty, Nakhla, and Chassigny. But 135 years ago, G. Tschermak was
> still unaware
> of the exotic nature of these meteorites and grouped them with the
> eucrites. In 1872,
> he wrote: "Shergotty, which I described several years ago, should also be
> included with
> the eucrites. It is a conspicuously granular rock consisting essentially
> of dull yellow-gray
> grains and prisms, which were found to be augite, and water-clear glassy
> grains and laths.
> The latter resemble no known mineral; I named this material maskelynite."
> The SNC's must have come from a different parent body - different from
> Earth, from our Moon,
> and from the parent body or bodies of the HED suite. This is reflected in
> the displacement of
> their oxygen isotopes when plotted in a diagram (see O.R. Norton's
> Encyclopedia of Meteorites,
> p. 157, Fig. 8,15). Another telling feature of the SNC group is their
> young crystallization ages
> - in other words they must have come from a celestial neighbor where
> volcanic activity was an
> ongoing process not too long ago.
> According to Susanne Schwenzer et al., the following observations are
> considered highly indicative of a Martian origin of the SNC meteorites:
> 1. SNC meteorites belong to one group, as proven by many chemical and
> isotopic
> investigations, pointing to a common parent body.
> 2. All SNC meteorites are differentiated magmatic rocks, with some of them
> showing
> volcanic textures.
> 3. The young crystallization ages of 1.3 Gyr, requiring a parent body that
> still shows
> igneous activity at such a late time in solar system history.
> 4. Direct evidence from Viking 1, when the concentrations and compositions
> of noble gases
> in the Martian atmosphere were measured and compared to those found in SNC
> meteorites
> in our collections.
> 5. The rovers Spirit and Opportunity found rocks on Mars with chemical
> signatures identical
> to those of some of the Martian meteorites in our collections (Bounce
> Rock, for example, has
> geochemical characteristics, such as the Fe/Mg ratio, consistent with that
> of shergottites).
> Reference:
> Schwenzer S. et al. (2007) Noble gases in mineral separates from three
> shergottites:
> Shergotty, Zagami, and EETA79001 (MAPS 42-3, pp. 387-412, Introduction).
> --------------------
> Best wishes,
> Bernd
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Received on Fri 01 Jun 2007 06:11:37 PM PDT

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